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Topics : Species and Forage Variety Trials : Species Fact Sheets : White Clover

Species: White Clover

Additional white clover information via the Forage Information System (FIS)

White Clover Harvest Management

Harvest management of white clover for hay or silage production is generally based on the grass in mixture with the clover since white clover constitutes such a small proportion of the total forage and its quality remains relatively high at maturity. Harvest should be dictated by the harvest schedule which maximizes grass performance.

Pasture mixtures which contain a legume offer many advantages but also require more careful management than pure grass pastures. Advantages of having white clover or any legume in a pasture mixture is that forage quality is improved over a pure grass pasture and the stand requires less nitrogen application because of the legume N contribution.

White clover can be grazed continuously or rotationally. It can be grazed to a height of about 1 inch without serious damage to the stand. However, closely grazed white clover plants must be allowed to recover. If rotationally grazed with a tall-growing grass, the pastures should be grazed at intervals which do not allow the grass to excessively shade the white clover. On predominantly white clover pastures, bloat can be a problem.