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Topics : Species and Forage Variety Trials : Species Fact Sheets : Smooth Bromegrass

Species: Smooth Bromegrass

Additional smooth bromegrass information via the Forage Information System (FIS)

Smooth Bromegrass Establishment

A moist, firm seedbed is required for smooth bromegrass or bromegrass-legume mixtures. Most often planted in spring, smooth bromegrass may also be planted in late summer, when weather conditions usually are more favorable.

Seed may be either drilled or broadcast. Drilling is preferred because it provides a more uniform depth of planting. Plant seed 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep. Long, narrow bromegrass seeds, however, often bridge in conventional seed drills and make planting difficult. Alternate seeding methods: 1) mixing bromegrass seed with a small amount of super phosphate and sowing through the fertilizer attachment of the grain drill, or 2) mixing bromegrass with a small amount of oats and sowing through the small grain attachment of your grain drill (only for spring seeding), may help avoid this problem.

Most hopper-type fertilizer spreaders can be calibrated to broadcast smooth bromegrass seed. If seed is broadcast, however, be sure to cover the seed. This can be done by light disking or by following with a drag or harrow.

Smooth bromegrass seeding rate varies with seedbed condition, method of seeding, and quality of seed. Generally, when seeding bromegrass alone rates of 12-16 lb. per acre are sufficient. When seeding in mixtures with a legume, seeding rates of 6-8 lb. per acre of bromegrass are recommended.