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Topics : Species and Forage Variety Trials : Species Fact Sheets : Brassica

Species: Brassica

Additional brassica information via the Forage Information System (FIS)

Brassica Fertilization

Phosphorus and potassium soil test levels should be in the optimum range prior to planting. If the phosphorus level is below 55 pounds per acre, the application of phosphorus during brassica development may be warranted. Application under this condition tends to increase yield if nitrogen is not limiting growth. However, phosphorus applications decrease crude protein concentration of the brassica forage.

In addition to the nitrogen applied at planting, when multiple grazings are planned an additional 70 pounds should be applied between 60 and 80 days after seeding to increase yield and crude protein level of the brassica tops. Unfortunately, the nitrogen induced yield increase in turnip and swede tops causes a reduction in root yield. When seeding into a suppressed grass sward, nitrogen application tends to increase the efficacy of the suppressing herbicide and reduces the proportion of grass in the brassica-grass sward.